Dorotheantus: planting and care in the open ground, growing from seeds
The name of the plant dorotheantus in Latin means "Dorothea's flower." Part of the species of such a plant is popularly called the “crystal daisy". The fact is that the surface of the foliage and shoots of this plant is covered with small hairs, the structure of which is glandular. Thanks to this, they sparkle effectively and shimmer in the sun, as if made of crystal.
Also popularly dorotheantus is often called the "midday". The thing is that the flowers of this plant are fully revealed only in the afternoon hours under the bright rays of the sun. And in the afternoon hours they already begin to gradually close. On a cloudy day, when the bushes do not have enough light, the flowers most often do not open at all.
This flower comes from the arid part of South Africa. That is why it is recommended to cultivate it in those regions where there is little rain, warmth and many fine days. Note that in excessively cold climates the plant may die.
Features of dorotheantus
The perennial dorotheanthus plant is a succulent and part of the Aizova family. In mid-latitude gardens, it is grown as an annual, but in room culture it is cultivated as a perennial. This genus combines about two dozen different species.
The fibrous root system is buried in the soil by 20–25 centimeters. The height of the bush can vary from 5 to 30 centimeters. Its creeping stems are rather fleshy. Foliage and stems are painted in dark green or emerald shade. Shoots placed very close to each other form a dense carpet, interwoven with each other. Sedentary leaf plates have an oval shape, their thickness is from 20 to 30 millimeters. After watering or rain, the thickness of the leaves may increase, as moisture accumulates in them.
Externally, dorotheanthus flowers are similar to daisies or daisies. They can be painted in various shades, for example: yellow, white, red and many others. From one bag with seeds, bushes grow, the flowers of which can be painted in a variety of colors (more than 12 shades). The life span of a single flower is 2 days. After it fades, a new bud appears in its place. Large flowers across reach about 50 mm. The duration of flowering is affected by both the type and variety of the plant, and the climate in the region where it grows. As a rule, flowering begins in mid-July, and ends in October or November. In rainy and cool summers, flowering will be sparse.
Growing dorotheanthus from seeds
After the dorotheanthus flowers fade, translucent bolls with rounded seeds are formed in their place. The seeds of such a succulent are very small: about 3 thousand are contained in one gram. They retain viability for a couple of years. If desired, sowing of seeds can be carried out directly in the open ground, and dorotheanthus can also be grown through seedlings.
Growing through seedlings
Seeding for seedlings is carried out in the last days of March or in the first - in April. In this case, when the time comes to transplant seedlings in open ground, it will already bloom. For sowing seeds, it is recommended to use large rectangular boxes. The soil mixture should be loose and light, while it can be mixed with sand and peat.
Level the surface of the substrate and evenly distribute the seeds on it. To bury them in the soil mixture or to sprinkle on top is not necessary. Moisten the crops from the spray gun and cover the box with plastic or glass on top. The first seedlings should appear after 10-12 days.
During the first 20 days of growth, crops should be at room temperature. Then they conduct hardening of seedlings. To do this, they are transferred to a cooler place with an air temperature of about 18 degrees, and then gradually reduce it to 10 degrees.When 3–3.5 weeks pass from the moment seedlings appear, it is recommended to peck them into individual peat pots.
Water the bushes very carefully so that water droplets do not fall on the foliage or shoots. In the last days of May, seedlings are planted in the garden, while it is not necessary to take it out of the pots. Please note that the distance between the bushes should be at least 20 centimeters.
Dorotheantus, crystal daisy, how to grow dorotheantus, growing dorotheantus
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Sowing seeds in the ground
If you have no desire to grow dorotheantus through seedlings, then the seeds can be sown immediately in the garden. Do it in the last days of April or in May. However, it should be noted that such bushes will bloom much later than those that were grown through seedlings.
A suitable place for sowing should be well lit by the sun. The soil needs loose and well-permeable air and water. Sand can be added to the soil to improve the structure. Dorotheantus grows well on loam. Soil fertility is not of particular importance.
Since the seed material is very small, it is recommended to mix it with a small amount of sand before sowing. Seeds are buried in the soil by 10–20 millimeters, while the row spacing should be from 15 to 20 centimeters. Almost immediately after the appearance of seedlings, proceed to weeding them, while you need to remove absolutely all weeds, even small ones. At the same time, conduct thinning of seedlings, between them maintain a distance of 30-40 mm. After some time, the young plantlets are thinned out again, this time between them leave a distance of 70 to 80 mm. After the bushes grow and get stronger, they can be planted in a permanent place, in this case the distance between them should be 15–20 centimeters.
Care for dorotheantus
An undemanding care dorotheantus is quite simple to grow on its site. Feeding him is not necessary. The fact is that in their homeland in Africa, where prolonged drought is not uncommon, the root system of the plant obtains the necessary nutrients for itself independently.
This culture is distinguished by its thermophilicity. Even small frosts can ruin her. The flower feels best at a temperature of 15 to 25 degrees.
Moisturize the soil must be moderate, and do it better in the morning. In this case, at noon, when the sun is most active, the flower will not overheat. Also, evening watering can lead to stagnation of fluid in the roots of the plant. Even if after a hot day the bushes wilted, they should be watered only in the morning. Only recently planted seedlings need systematic watering.
In order for the dorotheantus to grow and develop well, he should ensure optimal conditions and systematic good care:
- for planting, you should choose a sunny area, which should warm up well;
- watered sparingly, making sure that the liquid does not stagnate in the root system (can withstand short droughts);
- the soil should be light, air and water permeable;
- if there is a risk of frost, the bushes should be covered.
Also some tips from experienced gardeners:
- In order for the roots to receive a sufficient amount of oxygen, and rot does not appear on them, the soil surface around the bushes should be systematically loosened.
- In order for the bush to bloom long and magnificent, it needs to be cut from time to time.
- Dorotheantus grows well at home, and it can also be cultivated as an ampel plant.
Growing at home
Dorotheantus is suitable for cultivation both in the open field, and at home. Seedlings grown for planting in open ground, it is not recommended to dive. Those seedlings that were peaked can be cultivated at home. Indoor dorotheantus should try to create the same conditions that are ideal for growing this flower in the garden.
If you decide to decorate a balcony or a loggia with this spectacular succulent, then choose a sunny place for it. The best option would be a balcony located on the south side. When grown at home in winter, dorotheantus also needs a lot of light. If the plant does not have enough light, then it will not perish, but it will also not please you with its flowering.
Types and varieties of dorotheanthus with photo
Dorotheantus Daisy (Dorotheanthus bellidiformis)
Lying stems of this type are decorated with narrow fleshy leaf plates. Flowers can be painted in red, orange, pink or yellow.
The best varieties:
- Gelato Dark Pink. The flowers are painted in 2 colors: the inner petals are white, and the outer ones are cyclamen.
- Magic Carpet Mickwith. The flowers have a double color, while the shades can be very different.
- Pastel mix. This variety is very popular among gardeners. Its flowers can be painted in pale pink, lilac, white or yellow. The bushes grown from these seeds will delight you with lush, bright flowering, while your garden will be decorated with a multi-colored spectacular carpet. The bushes are stunted, in this regard, it is sufficient to maintain a distance of 10 centimeters between them.
- Merry dance. The bushes of this variety reach a height of about 0.3 m. The flowers have a spectacular color: their middle is dark lilac, and almost white petals at the base to the tips gradually turn into a saturated color.
- Yellow. The petals of the flowers of this variety are painted in bright yellow color, while the middle ones are red.
Dorotheanthus Ophthalmus (Dorotheanthus oculatus)
This species can rarely be found in mid-latitude gardens. Highly branching bushes adorn foliage, whose length is approximately 4.5 cm and width is 1 cm. The middle of the flowers is necessarily colored in a saturated shade, and their petals can be pink, white or red.
Dorotheanthus grassy (Dorotheanthus gramineus)
The bush consists of highly branched red and pale pink stems, and in height it reaches about 10 centimeters. Elongated sheet plates are sedentary. In diameter, the flowers reach from 30 to 35 mm, the middle of them is pale red, and the petals can be painted in salmon, red or pink.
There are varieties whose flowers remain open even in the shade and late in the evening:
- Lunette - the middle of the flowers is brownish-red, and the petals are rich yellow;
- Lemonade - the petals have a gradient color, while orange and lemon shades prevail;
- Northern Lights - flower petals are yellowish-green;
- Apricot Pointe Shoes - the petals are painted in one color;
- Magic carpet - pink flowers have a white strip around the middle.
Dorotheanthus apetalus (Dorotheanthus apetalus)
This species is dwarf, while it does not have lush foliage. He is rarely cultivated by gardeners.
Dorotheantus in landscape design
The dorotheanthus plant looks great in rocky gardens and rock gardens. It is often sown to create a green carpet.
This flower can be grown both in the garden and in containers or pots, and in this case it is recommended to plant 3 or 4 bushes in one container at once. Dorotheantus looks great in a solo planting in the garden, it can also be planted in conjunction with other garden crops that are already fading by mid-summer. Due to the fact that the flowers of such a plant can be painted in various colors, you can optionally create an ornament in the garden or make bright accents in the right places.
It should be noted that this plant has one big drawback - its seeds are very difficult to find even in specialized stores.
DOROTEANTUS. REVIEW OF A FLOWERING PLANT.
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