Orchid Pleyone: home care, transplant
The not very large genus Pleione belongs to the orchid family. This genus unites approximately 20 species, most of which are terrestrial plants. In natural conditions, they are found in the forests of Burma, Thailand, India, Laos, Taiwan, and also in the foothills of the Himalayas, Nepal and Tibet.
Such a deciduous plant, which has a sympoidal nature of growth, is quite undersized. Not very large pseudobulbs have a spherical shape, tapering to the apex. They are collected in fairly dense groups. Each of the pseudobulbs is active for 12 months. In spring, 1 or 2 leaflets appear in the upper part of the pseudobulb, reaching a length of 10 to 20 centimeters. Such long-leaved leaves have a lanceolate or elliptical shape. Leathery soft leaves are pleated along the central and lateral veins (located parallel to the leaf plate itself).
With the onset of the autumn period, all leaves fade and completely die off in the pleione, and at this time the flowering period begins. Long peduncles grow from the base of the bulb, while they are monochromatic. Such orchids grown at home, have large enough flowers, which in diameter can reach 10 centimeters. The central petals of the flower have grown together in such a way that they form an elongated tube with a distinctly visible fringed lip, often painted in a contrasting shade.The remaining 5 long petals, having a lanceolate shape, are arranged in such a way that they form a narrow-beam sprocket, in which the rays located below are slightly apart.
Thanks to breeders, more than 150 varieties of pleione were born, which differ in color and size of flowers. So, there are varieties with multicolor flowers, and with monochrome. For example, in the Tongariro variety, the whisk is painted in light purple, the inner surface of the tube is white, and there are still dark purple spots on it. The Shantung variety has a rich yellow color, with one relatively large, shapeless spot on the surface of the lip. Variety "Snowcap" has white flowers.
Pleone Orchid Home Care
This plant is usually grown as a garden. However, if he creates certain conditions, then it may well grow in the room.
He needs a rather intense, but at the same time diffused lighting. Shading from direct sunlight is required. For placement, it is recommended to choose windows of eastern or western orientation. On such windowsills, this orchid will receive a sufficient amount of light and at the same time it will not be hot.
During intensive growth, it needs moderate temperatures from 18 to 22 degrees. The pleon reacts extremely hot to the heat.
After flowering ends and all the leaves fall off, the remaining pseudobulbs are transferred to a cool place for storage.However, you should choose a room in which the temperature will be above 2-5 degrees, otherwise this kind of orchid may freeze.
Experienced flower growers use various methods for storing pseudobulbs. So, a container with a plant can be rearranged in the basement, but only those that do not freeze. You can also pull out pre-dried pseudobulbs, cut off all the roots, leaving them a couple of centimeters, wrap them in a bag of cellophane or paper and put in a regular refrigerator on a shelf designed to store fruit. However, such pseudobulbs must be monitored. So, they should not dry out, and also do not need to allow condensation to accumulate on the walls of the bag.
How to water
During intensive growth, watering should be plentiful. In this case, the substrate should be constantly moist.
For watering use exclusively soft water. In the event that tap water is taken for this purpose, then it must be well settled, and if necessary, it can be filtered.
During the growing season, it needs a slightly increased humidity of up to 60 percent. To increase humidity, systematic wetting of foliage from a sprayer is recommended. And you can pour expanded clay into the pan and pour a small amount of water.
Top dressing is carried out once a week from March to October. To do this, use a special fertilizer for orchids.
After the foliage begins to turn yellow in autumn, fertilizer application to the soil is stopped.
For planting this plant, a special loose substrate is required, which will pass air very well, and at the same time retain moisture. Such a mixture usually consists of shallow bark, crushed sphagnum and vermicompost, which should be taken in equal parts.
You need to plant a pleione in a wide and short pot. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer of expanded clay at the bottom, which will help to avoid stagnation of liquid in the soil.
A transplant is carried out once a year in the spring. After transplantation, make sure that the upper parts of the pseudobulbs are not buried in the substrate. About ¼ of them should rise above the surface of the soil.
During the transplant, you need to remove faded, old, wrinkled pseudobulbs.
In spring, young pseudobulbs can be separated from the base of the mother plant and planted separately.
Pests and diseases
Mealybugs and spider mites can live on the plant. After the pests are detected, the orchid needs to have a warm shower, during which thoroughly rinse all the leaves. In this case, the substrate must first be protected from water entering it from the water supply. If harmful insects have not been completely destroyed, then treatment with appropriate chemicals is carried out.
Very often, the plant is sick with a variety of rot, which appear as a result of violations of the rules of care.
Orchids on the windowsill of Playon - snowdrop orchids. Site "Garden World"
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