Orchid encyclia: home care, species, transplantation and reproduction
Kind of like encyclical (Encyclia) is directly related to the orchid family. It unites more than 160 plant species represented by lithophytes and epiphytes. In nature, they can be found in Central and South America.
Characteristic features of this genus are: the sympoidal nature of the growth (this is when a young stem grows at the base of the old one), short rhizomes (creeping aerial shoot), two-leafed (sometimes one-, three- and four-leafed) pseudobulbs are pear-shaped or ovoid. Leathery thick leaves have an elliptically pointed or lanceolate shape, while the plate itself is slightly folded along the central vein.
The plant blooms long enough. So, flowering can last for several weeks or several months. In different species, apical peduncles may vary. So, in some species there are single flowers of a fairly large size, while others have multi-flowered, highly branched inflorescences in the form of a brush. Pronounced zygomorphic flowers have 3 sepals (sepals) and 2 true petals (petals), which are very narrow and have a similar color and shape. A sufficiently large three-lobed lip (3rd true petal) free along the entire length has a contrasting color. A pair of side parts are often bent around the column, however, they are not fused.
Orchid care encyclical at home
This plant is quite unpretentious and it is suitable for growing by both experienced and novice orchids.
This genus of orchids needs very bright lighting. As a rule, it should be scattered in this case, but there are also species that can withstand direct sunlight. But despite this, such flowers need to be shaded from the scorching midday rays of the sun, otherwise burns may appear on the surface of the foliage.
It is preferable to put the flower pot on the windowsill windows of the southern, western and eastern orientation. Regardless of which window the plant is located in, in autumn and winter it will need additional illumination with special phytolamps, while the daylight should have a duration of 10 to 12 hours.
Most species need a moderately warm or moderate temperature regime. In this case, the plant must ensure the difference in daily temperatures. So, you need to try to ensure that throughout the year the temperature in the daytime was 18-22 degrees, and at night - from 13 to 16 degrees. Experienced growers recommend that the encyclines provide a difference in daily temperatures of approximately 5 degrees.
Under favorable weather conditions, in the warm season (May – October), it is recommended to transfer the orchid to the street. However, she needs to be protected from gusts of wind, direct sunlight and precipitation. On the street it is much easier to maintain the required temperature.
To grow such an orchid, both blocks and pots are used. To fill the pot use sphagnum, conifer bark and small pieces of charcoal. A large piece of pine bark is taken as a block. On its surface, you need to fix the root system and the rhizome of the flower, while they should be wrapped with a not too thick layer of moss.
How to water
All year round, the plant is watered abundantly and often. On the surface of the root system there is a rather thick layer of velamen, and therefore it can withstand short droughts (do not make the dry period too long). It is recommended to water the encycline not in the usual way, but to immerse the pot (block) in a bowl filled with lukewarm water for 20-30 minutes. The water temperature should be approximately 30–35 degrees. This time is enough for the bark and roots to be saturated with moisture.After this, the plant must be removed and wait until the excess liquid drains. Then it is put in its usual place.
It should be watered exclusively with soft water. It can be filtered or let it settle well.
The plant does not require excessively high humidity. Optimum humidity should be between 50 and 70 percent. To increase humidity, you can pour expanded clay into the pan and pour a little water, or put an open container filled with liquid next to it. If the humidity is very low, then you can use household humidifiers or steam generators. Experienced gardeners advise, at least once a day to moisten a plant, bark, as well as moss from a sprayer.
Such an orchid needs to be fed all year round. They are carried out 1 time in 2 or 3 weeks. To do this, use special fertilizers for orchids, diluting them in water for irrigation, and take the dose indicated on the package.
Transplanted only as necessary. So, this procedure is carried out if the capacity of either the block becomes small or in case of acidification of the substrate and its decomposition.
The rest period of this plant. He does not need it for abundant flowering and normal development. In the case when an apparently healthy flower has not formed a single peduncle in 12 months, it will be necessary to artificially create a stressful situation for it. To do this, completely stop watering for 11-14 days, as well as skip several fertilizer application procedures.
When grown indoors, such an orchid can be propagated by dividing the rhizome. It should be remembered that each dividend must have at least 3 mature pseudobulbs.
Propagated by seeds only under industrial conditions, they also use the cloning method (meristem propagation).
Pests and diseases
A spider mite can live on the plant. If this pest was found, then the flower should have a warm shower (approximately 45 degrees), while thoroughly washing the foliage.
Can get sick in case of violation of the rules of care. So, rot may appear as a result of too frequent and abundant watering, if watered very poorly - the roots will dry out, direct sunlight can leave burns on the foliage. Also, if there is poor lighting, then you are unlikely to see flowering.
Orchid Encyclia (Incilia) / Epi.Polybulbum
Watch this video on YouTube
The main types
Most species of encyclia are popular among gardeners, but hybrids of such a plant are even more in demand.
Ferruginous encyclia (Encyclia adenocaula)
This is the most beautiful view of all representatives of this genus. The flower itself is of medium size, mature pseudobulbs in height can reach from 5 to 7 centimeters. The leaves are quite long from 30 to 50 centimeters. The meter-long peduncle is multi-flowered. Aromatic flowers of a sufficiently large size (up to 10 centimeters in diameter) are painted in a delicate, pinkish-purple color. Sepals and petals have a narrow-lanceolate form. The triangular lip is quite wide, however, at the central lobe, the lateral parts are bent downward, so it acquires a wedge-shaped shape. In the center of the lip are dark purple longitudinal strokes, and at its base is a snow-white speck.
Encyclia winged (Encyclia alata)
This plant has achieved particular popularity due to its fragrant flowers and undemanding care. It is quite large. So, a bush can reach a height of 1.5 meters, and a width of 0.5 meters. Multifloral peduncles have the same length as the bushes themselves. The flowers are relatively small, so in diameter they reach no more than 5-6.5 centimeters. The yellowish-green narrow sepals and petals have a spade or obovate shape. In their upper part there are many small points of burgundy color.The lips are quite large whitish-yellow side parts have a wide oval shape. On the triangular central part of the lip, there are longitudinal burgundy strokes, and its wavy edge is painted in a rich yellow color.
Bract encyclia (Encyclia bractescens)
This dwarf species is very popular. It differs in that it can form quite dense and dense green colonies. The height of mature pseudobulbs is from 2 to 3 centimeters, and the leaves of linear-lanceolate shape have a length of 40 centimeters. Peduncles bear many flowers and they, as a rule, do not rise above the leaves. Small fragrant flowers have a diameter of only 2.5 centimeters. Brownish-yellow sepals and petals have a lanceolate shape. The broad lip is spade-shaped painted white. On its surface are longitudinal blurry streaks of purple.