Celosia: planting and care in the open ground, types and varieties with photos
Cellosia (Celosia), also called cellosion, is a representative of the amaranth family. However, more recently, this genus was part of the haze family. The name celosia comes from the word "kelos", which is translated from Greek - "burning, flaming", this is due to the shape and color of the inflorescences, which are similar in appearance to the tongues of flame painted in different colors. In the wild, this plant can be found in areas with a warm climate, for example: in Asia, Africa, North and South America. This genus unites approximately 60 species. However, only 3 species of such a plant are most popular among gardeners: cirrus, cirrus, comb and spikelet.
Features of Celosia
The herbaceous plant of celosia is represented by perennials and annuals, shrubs are also found. In middle latitudes, this flower is cultivated as an annual, because it is not able to survive the frosty winter. The shoots are branched and straight. Regularly located leaf plates have an ovoid-lanceolate, ovoid or linear-lanceolate form. Comb, panicle or spike-like inflorescences consist of small flowers that may have a different color, for example: pink, orange, golden, yellow, red or scarlet. The fruit is a polyspermous box.
CELLOSE - GROWING AND CARE
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Growing celosia from seeds
Seeding for seedlings
Almost the only way to reproduce cellosia is generative (seed). Immediately before sowing, seeds should be prepared, for this they are immersed for 3-4 hours in a solution of Zircon and Epin (for 1 tbsp of water, 1 drop of each of the preparations). This will soak the seed coat, which is characterized by excessive density. Sowing is carried out in March or the first days of April. To do this, fill the bowl with a substrate consisting of vermiculite and humus earth (1: 1). Sowing should be carried out sparsely, the seeds need only be distributed on the surface of the soil mixture, and pressed into it. Sprinkle on top of the soil they do not need. Crops need to be slightly sprinkled with water from the sprayer. Cover the top with glass or film and put it on a well-lit warm (from 23 to 25 degrees) window sill, while protecting it from direct sunlight. Crops must be systematically aired and watered, and condensate must be removed from the shelter in a timely manner. In the event that you do not feel like picking plants, the seeds should be sown in individual cups. The first seedlings can be seen after about 8 days.
CELOSIA - seed cultivation
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Seedlings need four to six hour lighting. The fact is that at this time of the day the daylight is still not long enough. If you sowed seeds in one container, then the seedlings will have to be pickled 2 times. The first pick is carried out after the seedlings appear 2 or 3 real leaf plates. When planting, use the same soil mixture as during sowing. Capacities are taken shallow, only 4-5 centimeters. The distance between the seedlings should be equal to 50 mm. After the pickled plants have taken root, they should be fed at the same time as watering, for this they use a weak solution of complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. After the seedlings become stronger, make a second pick in a deeper container, or you can use the scoop to carefully pull out each seedling with a lump of earth and put them in separate pots (it is recommended to use peat-humus). After the plant has taken, you will need to feed them a second time in the same way as the first.
Landing celosia in open ground
What time to land
Planting seedlings in open soil is done after the air and soil have warmed up well, and at the same time the frosts will be left behind. As a rule, the landing is carried out from the middle to the last days of May. The site should be well lit and drained, have protection from gusts of wind. In the event that the soil in the selected area is acidic, then before proceeding to the planting of seedlings, it will need to be liming. Remember that it is impossible to fertilize the soil with fresh organic matter, since celosia reacts extremely negatively to it.
This flower needs to be planted in almost the same way as most of the other garden flowers. When planting, it should be noted that young bushes have a very delicate root system, which can be easily injured. In this regard, during the transplantation of plants into open soil, it is recommended to use the transshipment method. If the flowers grow in individual peat-humus pots, then planting should be done directly in them. If the species or variety of celosia is tall, then between the bushes it is necessary to observe a distance of 25 to 30 centimeters, and if undersized, then from 15 to 20 centimeters.
Celosia. Transplantation in open ground.
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Growing celosia in your garden is quite simple, but you should take into account several nuances. Seedlings planted in open ground and even under slight frost can die. And also this plant negatively reacts to soil overmoistening. When caring for celosia, you must take these nuances into account. Watering should be done only with prolonged drought and heat, while at the bush leaves should fall and new peduncles should stop growing. Do not forget to feed these flowers once a month, but at the same time, you should use nitrogen-containing fertilizer for this purpose with great care, because if you overfeed the celosia, it will stop blooming, but it will have very thick foliage. Also, do not forget to systematically loosen the surface of the soil around the bushes and weed.
Diseases and pests
When growing seedlings of such a plant, it is not necessary to allow waterlogging of the substrate, since a black leg may develop due to this. If the plant began to hurt (a black spot appeared at the base of their stem), then you should loosen the surface of the substrate and sprinkle it with a thin layer of wood ash. Do not water the seedlings at all for a while. If you saw aphids on the bushes, then you can get rid of it with the following mixture: 2 tbsp. water to connect with 1 tbsp. vegetable oil and with 2 small tablespoons of liquid soap. The bushes should be treated in the evening, and this procedure must be repeated several times. The break between sessions should be several days. To other diseases and pests, such a flower is highly resistant.
Celosia after flowering
To get the seeds of cellosia, you should pick a few pieces of inflorescences that have begun to fade. They are placed in a dry vase and cleaned in a gloomy place. After the inflorescences are completely dry, you need to extract seeds from them, for this they are simply shaken over a newspaper sheet. The seeds that have crumbled along with the garbage must be purged, then poured into a box and put away for storage. If desired, you can collect the seeds in a different way. To do this, they are hung down by inflorescences, and a newspaper sheet is placed under them. After the seeds have dried and ripened, they themselves will spill out onto this leaf.
As a rule, in the fall, the remnants of cellosia are disposed of. However, if desired, you can create dry bouquets from inflorescences. To do this, cut several flowering inflorescences of a tall variety, remove the leaves from them and bring them into the room. They are tied into a bundle and put into a well-ventilated, unlit room. Wait until the bright inflorescences are completely dry. After that, they are placed in a vase without water.
Types and varieties of celosia with photos and names
Below will be described the types and varieties of cellosia, which are gladly cultivated by a huge number of gardeners. It should be noted that the most popular in the middle latitudes is silver celosia, which has 2 varieties:
Silver combed celosia, or “cock scallop” (Celosia argentea f. Cristata)
The height of the bush is about 0.45 m, but there are varieties and lower. The color of the leaf plates depends on the variety and can be burgundy, golden, green or bronze. Large inflorescences outwardly similar to the crest of a rooster consist of small flowers of orange or red-purple color. Flowering begins in the middle of the summer period, and ends in October. Varieties:
- Impressa - the bush reaches a height of 20 to 25 centimeters, the color of the leaf plates is dark red, and the inflorescences are red;
- Atropurpurea - the height of the bush is about 20–25 centimeters, the color of the stem is light pink, the inflorescences are purple, the leaf blades are pale green;
- Imperialis - a not very tall bush has dark red stems and inflorescences, as well as purple leaf plates with red veins.
Cirrus silvery feathery, or panicled celosia (Celosia argentea f. Plumosa)
Some varieties have a bush height of about 100 centimeters, but there are also dwarf and stunted ones. At the tops of the straight stems are large paniculate inflorescences, which can be colored in various shades of red, orange and yellow. The color of the leaf blades can be pale green, red, deep green and pink. Flowering begins in July and ends in October. Varieties:
- Goldfeder - a stunted bush is decorated with inflorescences of a golden color;
- Thomsony Magnifica - the height of a tall bush is about 0.8 m, the inflorescences are burgundy, the leaf plates are pale green;
- Torchshine - a tall bush has panicled inflorescences of a rich red color;
- New Onion - a bush in height reaches from 0.35 to 0.4 m, the color of the inflorescences is orange-yellow, and the leaf blades are purple-purple.
Spikelet celosia, or Hatton's celosia (Celosia spicata)
Today it is not in great demand among gardeners of middle latitudes, however, the popularity of this species is gradually growing. The height of the bush can vary from 0.2 to 1.2 m, small paniculate inflorescences similar in appearance to spikelets can be painted in yellow, red and orange, and white. Coral spikelet cellosia deserves special attention.