Epipremnum: home care, transplantation and reproduction
The perennial grassy epipremnum liana (Epipremnum) is part of the Aroid family. According to data taken from various sources, this genus unites 8–30 species. The name "epipremnum" is translated as "on the trunks", which is associated with how exactly this plant exists. In nature, it can be found in tropical forests from India to Northern Australia. Today, most of the species are found in Southeast Asia. But these species are also found today in nature in places where they did not grow before, for example, in Hawaii.
The most popular among flower growers is the golden epipremnum, which is often called by the people "scindapsus". But scindapsus and epipremnum are two different plants, although they belong to the same family. However, when grown at home, these plants require almost the same care and they need similar growing conditions.
Short description of growing
- Bloom. Epipremnum at home is cultivated as a decorative foliage plant. The fact is that in a culture this liana blooms very rarely.
- Illumination. Variegated varieties need a lot of bright light, and green-leaved varieties can grow both in shading and under diffused bright light. However, any varieties must be shaded from direct sunlight.
- Temperature mode. For such a plant, normal room temperature is perfect. Note that drafts can destroy the plant.
- Watering. It is carried out systematically immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture in the pot dries, but it should be moderate.
- Air humidity. In the event that there are working heating devices in the room, it is necessary to moisten the vines from the spray gun as often as possible.
- Fertilizer. Top dressing is carried out from April to September 1 time in 2 weeks, for this they use mineral fertilizer for vines in liquid form. During the dormant period, the bush also needs to be fed, but they do it much less often (no more than once every 4 weeks).
- Rest period. It is not pronounced and is observed in October – March.
- Transfer. It is held in April. While the liana is young, it is transplanted once a year, and more adult specimens are much less likely, or rather, once every 2 or 3 years.
- Breeding. Layers, division of the shoot and apical cuttings.
- Diseases. Fungal diseases.
- Pests. Thrips, scutes and spider mites.
Features of epipremnum
Epipremnum is a grassy evergreen vine that is perennial. This half-epiphyte can parasitize on large trees or grow independently. Nutrients enter the bush through the fibrous root system. And the creeper has a large number of aerial roots, if necessary, they can form an additional root system. Two types of aerial roots are distinguished: the first - grow from nodes and cling to a tree or other support, and the second - grow from internodes and are aerial feeding roots. Over time, all aerial roots become lignified, while the nourishing roots become woody, and on their surface a bark is formed, which consists of ribbon-like fibers, and supporting - cork.
The shoots of such a creeper are not only able to cling to almost any support, but can also take root along the entire length. Simple heart-shaped leaf plates are either leathery or thin. In adult bushes, the foliage has a length of about 0.6 m and a width of up to 0.4 m. However, while the plant is young, its leaf plates are not so large. Over time, foliage is able to change its entire shape to cirrus-split or cirrus-dissected. And in some cases, holes may appear in the sheet plates, for example, like a monstera.
During flowering, inconspicuous flowers form on the vine, which do not represent any decorative value. Flowers are part of the inflorescence, which has the shape of an ears, it narrows to the apex. And on top of it is wrapped in a coverlet that looks like a canoe in shape. Such a liana blooms only if its foliage becomes an adult, however, this is extremely rare in room conditions, therefore flower growers do not often see epipremnum flowers. The fruit is a berry with seeds inside it.
Indoor plant Scinapsus or Epipremnum: how to properly care for and propagate
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Epipremnum care at home
Green-leaf varieties are notable for their low demands on illumination; they grow well both in slight shading and in bright diffused light. However, if you grow variegated varieties, then remember that they need a lot of bright light, otherwise the color of their foliage may become less decorative. But when choosing a place for creepers, it should be noted that direct rays of the sun are very harmful for any variety. If the bush will be in the scorching sun for a very long time, then its foliage will fade, become flabby and soft to the touch. After some time, the foliage damaged by the sun flies around, and shoots can also suffer (their growth stops). The most optimal place for growing epipremnum is a window of eastern or western orientation, since the light there is bright and scattered.
At home, such a vine grows very well and develops at room temperature. But protect the plant from the draft, which can lead to its death. In this regard, in the warm season, it is highly recommended not to take the bush to the garden or to the balcony, instead, it is best to arrange regular ventilation of the room.
Moisturize the soil mixture in the tank only after its top layer dries well. Remember that such a vine belongs to those plants that are less affected by a not very long drought than regular fluid stagnation in the root system. Due to the systematic waterlogging of the substrate, the bush can infect the disease. If there are drops of liquid on the underside of the foliage, this means that stagnation of water is observed in the soil mixture. In this case, the bush should be watered less often and less abundantly.
In winter, when heating appliances are actively working, the level of humidity becomes very low, so the liana will need to be systematically moistened with a spray gun. Also, frequent spraying to the bush is also necessary in the summer on hot days. It is necessary to water and moisten the epipremnum with soft water: filtered, thawed or well-settled (at least 24 hours).
Top dressing is carried out regularly 1 time in 15 days, for this a complex mineral fertilizer for vines in liquid form is perfect. Such an evergreen vine is fed in the period from April to September. In the autumn-winter period, the bush is also fed, but not so often (no more than 1 time in 30 days).
A liana transplant is carried out only if necessary, and more precisely, after the root system becomes very crowded in a pot. While the bush is young, it is subjected to this procedure every year, but with age, the frequency of transplants decreases to one in 2 or 3 years.
The bush is transplanted in early spring immediately after it begins to grow intensively. As a rule, this time falls on the first days of April. When choosing a container for landing, remember that it should not be too loose. The old pot should be less than the new by only 20 mm.
Best of all, this vine grows in a humus loose substrate, which should have a neutral reaction. If desired, you can buy in a specialized store soil mix intended for decorative and deciduous plants.To begin with, make a drainage layer in a new container, which should be quite thick, after that, carefully transplant the plant by transfer. To pull the bush from the old tank was easy, it is abundantly watered about two hours before the start of the transplant. Put the bush in the middle of the pot, and then carefully cover all the voids present with fresh soil mixture. Before proceeding with transplantation, it is recommended to shorten excessively long shoots.
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Epipremnum, as a rule, in room conditions is propagated by vegetative methods, namely: apical cuttings, layering and dividing the stem into parts.
In order to propagate such a plant with apical cuttings, it is necessary to cut off the upper part of the stem, on which there should be 2 or 3 leaf plates. For rooting, the cuttings are planted in a soil mixture, which includes sand and peat (1: 1). Best segments root at an air temperature of 22 to 25 degrees. During rooting, cuttings need systematic hydration from the spray gun. As a rule, the roots of cuttings grow back after 15–20 days from the moment of planting.
Epipremnum. [Hope and Peace]
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If you need layering, then near the bush you need to put a container filled with soil mixture. An shoot is laid on its surface, which should be fixed in this position with studs. Then it is sprinkled with a substrate. You can cut off the layering and plant it in a separate pot only after the roots grow on it.
The method of propagating epipremnum by dividing the shoot is the most difficult. Cut the shoot and cut it into several parts, each of which should have at least 1 leaf plate. For rooting, they are planted in small containers filled with a substrate. And then they are transferred to a place where it is always dark. The segments cannot be moistened from the spray gun or watered. So that they are precisely rooted, they can be treated with special phytohormones.
Pests and diseases of epipremnum
A plant such as epipremnum has a fairly low resistance to various fungal diseases. In this regard, special attention should be paid to watering it, and also do not keep the bush in the cold and do not add too much nitrogen to the substrate. If you do not adhere to such simple rules, then rot may appear on the root system of the vine.
Scabies, spider mites or thrips can settle on this plant. Such pests are considered sucking: they bite the surface of the shoot or leaf plate and suck out the vegetable juice. If similar pests settled on the bush, then it becomes sluggish, greatly weakens, and yellowing and wilting of its foliage is also observed. In addition, due to sucking pests, the bush can infect a dangerous virus.
In order to destroy thrips and shields, you will need to process the vine with a solution of a suitable insecticide several times. If the bush was attacked by spider mites, then it will be possible to get rid of them with an acaricide. All pesticides are sold in specialized stores.
Types and varieties of epipremnum with photos
Golden epipremnum (Epipremnum aureum), or epipremnum aureum
This species is most popular among flower growers. Such a grassy perennial is able to climb on a support, and additional roots help it in this. The length of its shoots varies from 100 to 200 cm. They are decorated with green leathery leafy plates of a heart-shaped shape. They have a golden hue, and the brighter the lighting, the more noticeable it is. The best varieties of this type are:
- Golden Potos. The foliage of this creeper has a golden yellow tint.
- Marble Queen. This variety is very widespread in culture, on the surface of its whitish-silver foliage are green shtriks.
- Angoy. Corrugated sheet plates are painted green, they are decorated with strokes and dashes of white color.This plant is very similar to ficus pumila.
- Pearls and Jade. This compact vine is the result of the work of American breeders. It was created based on Marble Queen. Foliage has a spotty color, and there are green, white and greenish-gray shades. At the same time, it is very difficult to find two sheet plates with the same color.
Cirrus Epipremnum (Epipremnum pinnatum)
The native land of this species is China and India. Such a liana is one of the largest: under natural conditions, it can reach a length of about 15 meters. But when grown indoors, the stems of such a plant are shorter. On the grooved long petioles, glossy leaf plates grow, the shape of which can be elongated-elliptical or oval, solid or uniformly pinnate-lobed. Their color can be greenish-blue or dark green. On the surface of adult leaf plates, oval or round holes are often formed. It is because of this feature that for a long time this species was considered part of the Monstera genus. At home, such a vine is grown relatively rarely.
Epipremnum forest (Epipremnum silvaticum)
Under natural conditions, this plant can be found in the swampy forests of Indonesia and Sumatra. This graceful vine can reach a length of about 6 meters. Its glossy leaf plates are painted green, they are solid oval-lanceolate, and the tip is pointed. The width of the leaves is about 6 centimeters, and the length is up to 20 centimeters. Such a plant, as a rule, is found only in private collections.
Epipremnum. [Hope and Peace]
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