Palma washingtonia: home care, transplantation and reproduction
Palm Washington (Washingtonia) got its name in honor of the first US President George Washington. This genus is a representative of the Arekov family and combines only 2 species, namely: washingtonia strong and washingtonia nitenosa.
Palm tree Washington is a tree that can reach a height of about 25 meters, and across - up to one meter. However, it reaches such dimensions only in natural conditions. At the top of the trunk she grows leaf plates that have a fan shape. The petiole is about one and a half meters long; there are spikes on it that are directed towards the trunk. When grown at home, a palm tree blooms very rarely.
In Mexico and the USA, the foliage fibers of this palm tree are used to weave baskets, and flour is made from its fruits. In a culture in Europe, it is grown on the southern coast of the Mediterranean. When cultivated indoors, it should be noted that this plant needs coolness, as well as space. After the palm becomes very large, it is recommended to move it outside, but only if weather conditions are favorable for this.
Short description of growing
- Bloom. Palm tree Washington is cultivated as a decorative foliage plant.
- Illumination. The plant needs a lot of bright light, which must be diffused. The daylight hours are about 16 hours. In winter, it needs additional lighting.
- Temperature mode. In the spring-summer period - from 20 to 24 degrees (not higher), in winter - about 10 degrees.
- Watering. In the spring-summer period, the soil mixture in the tank is moistened after its surface dries. In the cold season, watering should be very scarce and rare, but the drying of an earthen coma should not be allowed.
- Air humidity. It should be elevated. During the growing season, the foliage is moistened twice a day, and it also needs to be washed once every 7 days with a wet sponge. To increase air humidity around the palm tree, you can put open vessels filled with water. In winter, you can not moisten the plant.
- Fertilizer. Washington should be fed regularly from spring to autumn once every 15 days; fertilizer is recommended to be used with a high iron content. In the cold season, you do not need to feed a palm tree.
- Rest period. It begins in late autumn and ends in the first spring weeks.
- Transfer. In spring, plants are transplanted only if necessary. Until the palm tree is seven years old, it is transplanted once every 2 years, up to fifteen years - once every 3 years, and a more adult plant - once every 4-5 years.
- Soil mix. It should consist of peat (or humus), sand, leaf and soddy soil (2: 1: 2: 4).
- Breeding. Grown from the seeds.
- Harmful insects. Scabies, whiteflies, spider mites and mealybugs.
- Diseases. Rot may appear on the root system due to violation of irrigation rules or if there is no drainage in the tank. If the air in the room is excessively dry, then the tips of the sheet plates begin to dry out.
Palm - Washingtonia filamentous at home. Good Garden!
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Home Care for Washington
Most often, flower growers are mistaken in the fact that the palm of Washington needs a lot of bright light. However, it should be remembered that the plant must be protected from direct sunlight. The light should be bright, but scattered, while the duration of daylight should be at least 16 hours a day. For the cultivation of palm trees, it is recommended to choose windows of eastern or western orientation.In the cold season or when the daylight is not long enough, the plant is provided with illumination, for this you can use fluorescent lamps.
In the summer, Washington is recommended to be moved to the street, a well-lit place is chosen for it, however it should be protected from direct sunlight, as well as from rain. The room where the plant is located should be regularly ventilated, however, it must be protected from drafts. It needs a lot of light both in summer and in winter.
In the spring-summer period, the air temperature in the room can vary from 20 to 24 degrees. If the room is very hot (about 30 degrees and above), then the palm should be moved to a place where it is cooler. Wait for it to cool, then water and humidify it from the spray bottle. In winter, the room should be cool (about 10 degrees). You don’t have to worry that at such a low temperature a palm tree can die, since in the wild in its homeland it can tolerate a short-term temperature drop of minus 7 degrees.
During the growing season, watering is carried out systematically immediately after the top layer of soil mix in the tank dries. Remember that for Washington, both stagnation of liquid in the substrate and drying of an earthen coma are equally harmful. In autumn, after the palm rest period begins and it is moved to a cooler place, it is very rare to moisten the soil mixture in the pot and use a small amount of water for this. However, it is impossible to allow the drying out of the earth. As a rule, at this time, watering is carried out after two or three days after the top layer of the earthen mixture dries out. For irrigation use warm and well-settled (at least 24 hours) water.
In order for the palm tree to develop and grow within the normal range, it needs to provide high humidity in the room. In this regard, it must be moistened every day from a sprayer (preferably twice a day), and it is recommended to place an open vessel filled with water next to it. You also need to regularly remove dust from the surface of the foliage using a damp soft cloth or sponge.
Such a plant, cultivated in room conditions, must be regularly fed. Fertilizers are recommended to be used with a high iron content. Top dressing is carried out from spring to autumn 1 time per half a month. Fertilizer should not be added to the substrate throughout the rest period, and even immediately after a bush transplant and when Washington is sick.
Experienced growers recommend removing the yellowed leaf plate before it is completely dry. Due to this, there will be a slight slowdown in the natural withering away of the next sheet plate. In that case, if you decide not to remove the drying leaves, then it can be completely cut off. In this case, the dried leaves will effectively hang down around the trunk.
Washington is transplanted only when absolutely necessary. The fact is that she does not tolerate transplants quite well, and it takes her some time after this procedure to take root. At this time, there is a slight slowdown. Until the age of seven, a palm transplant is performed once every 2 years, at 8–15 years - once every 3 years, and older specimens are subjected to this procedure every 4–5 years.
The plant is transplanted in the spring before summer comes. Early spring is best suited for this. Since Washington is a fairly large plant, tubs made of wood are suitable for its cultivation. A suitable soil mixture should consist of leaf, turf and peat (or humus) soil, as well as sand (2: 4: 2: 1). It is recommended to add organic matter (about 5 kilograms) to the soil mixture for adult palm trees.If, during the growth of a plant, its roots are exposed, then fresh soil mixes will need to be added to the tub.
My flowers! Palm tree washingtonia. Transfer.
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The palm is propagated by washingtonia seeds at home. Sowing is carried out in the spring, or rather, from March to April. Fresh seeds have the highest germination ability, so it is recommended that they be used for sowing. Remember that the older the seed, the more time it needs to germinate and the lower its germination.
Immediately before sowing, it is recommended to file the seeds a little with a file, after which they are immersed in water for 24 hours. Sowing of seeds is carried out in a substrate consisting of sand, sphagnum and sawdust (1: 1: 1), to which some charcoal is added. Seeds are buried in the soil mixture by only 10 mm. Before you start preparing the soil mixture, be sure to steam the sawdust. Moisten the crops and cover them with glass (film) on top. Transfer the container to a warm place (28 to 30 degrees). If everything is done correctly and fresh seed is used, then the first seedlings should appear after 15–20 days.
The pickling of seedlings is carried out after 7 days have passed after the formation of their first real leaf plate. For a dive, use a separate cup, which is filled with a soil mixture consisting of sand, leaf and turf soil (1: 1: 2). The first leaf plates of the plants are not dissected, the cuts appear only on the eighth or ninth leaf. After 1 year of growth, 4–5 leaf plates will form in a young palm. Do not forget that the pick must be carried out very carefully!
Reproduction of Washingtonia seed-bearing seeds. Seedling Care
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If Washington is not properly looked after, then the following problems may arise with it:
- Decay of the root system. Rot occurs as a result of regular stagnation of fluid in the soil mixture. Maybe there is no drainage in the tub or it is very poor.
- Foliage. If the humidity is very low, the palm begins to fold off the foliage.
- The tips of the leaves turn brown. This problem is also associated with excessively low humidity.
- Harmful insects. Most often whiteflies, mealybugs, scale insects, or spider mites inhabit the palm tree.
Views of Washington with photo
Washingtonia filamentous (Washingtonia filifera)
It comes from the eastern United States of America. In nature, the height of a palm tree can reach about 20 meters. The trunk is straight and even, and grayish-green leaf-shaped fan-shaped plates grow on its top. By a third, dissected leaf plates reach a length of about 200 cm, about 80 lobes are formed on each of them. Long leaves of white color grow on the edge of the foliage. The color of the flowers is white.
Washingtonia strong (Washingtonia robusta)
Either Washington Robusta or Washington Sonora (Washingtonia sonorae). The height of such a tree-like perennial in nature reaches about 30 meters. Greenish leaf plates have a fan shape. The foliage is dissected into 2/3 of the length of the plate. Petiole painted in a pale red hue. The flowers are white.
WASHINGTON | PALMA for the cold lobby | Care and breeding at home
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