Flax: planting and care in the open ground, perennial blue flax
The gardener, choosing flowers for growing in the garden, often undeservedly bypasses the perennial flax. The fact is that from a very long time this flower was considered a wonderful decoration of the house, which also can protect it. This culture is notable for its unpretentiousness, but at the same time it has a relatively high decorativeness, as it has very beautiful flowers. It is believed that the flowers of this plant must be painted blue, but this is far from the case.
Description of Perennial Blue Flax
Flax is a herbaceous plant. Often flax is not very large bushes, the height of which does not exceed 50 centimeters. Despite the fact that the shoots of such a culture are very thin, they are comparatively powerful. Flowers have a diverse size (from very large to small). They can be painted white, bluish or red-pink.
This plant is widely cultivated by middle-range gardeners. It feels great in a temperate climate, so it can be found in nature in Africa, North America, and even in some areas of Asia and Europe.
Types and varieties of flax
Among all known species and varieties of flax, the following are most popular among gardeners:
- Oilseed. This decorative variety is often cultivated indoors. Most often, such a plant is grown in order to obtain flax seeds, which are distinguished by their high nutritional value and healing properties. As a rule, a bush does not exceed 0.3 meters in height. Flowers are not very large. They can be painted in yellow, bluish, and even red color.
- Decorative. This species is notable for its unpretentiousness, so even a person far from gardening can grow it. In addition, you should be aware that a durable fabric is made from various decorative varieties of flax, used for sewing clothes, linen, etc.
- Large flowered. This variety of flax was grown in mid-latitudes not so long ago. But in this short time he managed to become one of the most popular varieties among gardeners. The height of the medium-sized bush, as a rule, does not exceed 50 centimeters. Flowers of this variety have a very large size, and they can be painted in a variety of color shades. Such a plant is perennial, if it is provided with favorable conditions for growth, then without transplanting in the same place it can be grown for five years.
- Perennial flax. Such a variety, compared with the others, is most widespread. Very attractive bushes of such flax are used to decorate borders, flower walls, etc.
Planting flax in the open ground
Flax is not very demanding on growing conditions, which greatly facilitates the selection of a suitable place for planting. However, if you want it to grow and develop within the normal range, then for planting, choose an exclusively open sunny area, which should not be shaded by shrubs with trees, or from various buildings. If in your region there are very few sunny days, then you are unlikely to be able to grow perennial flax.
Also, this plant is undemanding to the composition of the soil. It can be grown on almost any soil except marshy. For planting, choose a site with light soil, where groundwater is relatively deep. Perennial flax can be grown quite successfully on slightly steep slopes.
Seeding of seeds of varieties of perennial flax is recommended to be carried out in boxes at home. If you live in a region with a relatively mild and warm climate, you can sow seeds in open soil.Burrowing them into the ground is not recommended. Seeds are evenly distributed over the surface of a pre-prepared area, and then the crops are moistened with water from a sprayer. Sowing seeds in open soil is possible both in spring (when warm weather is established and daytime temperature will be about 20 degrees) and in autumn (you need to catch it before the cold, while the average daily air temperature should be at least twenty degrees).
If you are going to sow perennial flax in the open soil, then do not forget to take into account the factor of cold. Sowing is strictly prohibited on a rainy or wet day. The area with crops needs to be covered with a not very thick layer of soil, then they are insulated in the same way as most garden flowers.
How to plant flax in your area. Do it yourself 2.
Watch this video on YouTube
There are several ways in which you can quite successfully propagate flax. They will be described in more detail below.
Generative (seed) method
You can grow such a flower from seeds in containers. And you can sow the seeds directly into the open soil, such sowing is carried out in spring or autumn (before winter) time. All you need to do is to spread the seeds evenly on the surface of the soil, and then they are simply sprayed from the spray gun. They should not be buried in the ground. Sowing the seeds of perennial flax in the soil, if necessary, in the summer.
If you decide to sow seeds in containers, you should know that grown seedlings can not be transplanted into the open ground, because they are very sick after this procedure and often die. When the seeds are sown, the containers are immediately transferred to fresh air.
If you grow a two-year-old flax on your plot, then it can be propagated by dividing the bush. In the middle of the spring period or in August after the plant fades, the bush is divided into several parts. Delenki must be immediately planted in open soil, observing a distance of 0.2 m between them. They should be watered regularly and often enough, and also protected from direct sunlight.
Blue Flax Care
If you want flax to bloom to be as spectacular as possible, and grow and develop normally, he will need to provide good proper care. Below will be described in detail the care of flax perennial.
For normal growth and development of such a flower requires a sufficient amount of water. In this regard, it must be watered systematically. However, make sure that there is no stagnation of water in the soil.
Keep in mind that flax reacts extremely negatively to fluid stagnation in the ground. Depending on air temperature and rains, flax is watered on average 1 or 2 times in 7 days. It is important that the soil under the bushes is always slightly moistened. After autumn begins, watering is gradually reduced, and then they must be stopped altogether.
It is also necessary to make weeding in a timely manner, since the thickened planting and weed grass negatively affect the decorativeness of flax.
Often you will not have to feed long-term flax, which greatly facilitates the care of it. Before starting sowing seeds in open soil, it is necessary to introduce not a very large amount of organic matter into it, but also pour a little potash fertilizer. During the growing season, flax is recommended to feed at least two more times, while you need to use liquid top dressing. Such flowers are recommended to be fed only after they are watered.
The gardener does not have to deal with a bunch of diseases and pests, because flax has a fairly high resistance to them. However, in some cases, a flax flea can settle on the bushes. If you decide to fight it with various folk methods, then keep in mind that all of them will be ineffective.Therefore, without wasting time, treat the infected bushes with chemicals specially designed for this purpose.
In order for such a very beautiful and rather unusual flower to grow normally on your garden plot, as well as to ensure the most spectacular flowering, it should be planted next to only those plants that have a very similar development pattern, and also need the same growing conditions .
Flax in landscape design
Perennial blue flax is quite popular among gardeners. Such a flower is recommended to be used in a variety of group compositions, for example: in mixborders, rock gardens, flower beds, and also in very picturesque borders.
It has been observed that flax is perfectly combined with those crops that need a lot of sunlight and are quite resistant to drought. Perennial flax has excellent growth when planted on a Moorish lawn. It is recommended to plant it together with such beautiful flowers as marigolds, clover, chamomiles, and cornflowers.
Perennial blue flax certainly deserves attention from gardeners. Its advantage is that it is not too picky about the growing conditions, it is relatively easy to care for, and this flower is very beautiful.
Watch this video on YouTube