Howea: home care, transplant and reproduction, species
The beef plant, also called the hovea, is a palm tree, which is very popular among gardeners. When grown indoors, it is unpretentious, thanks to which it is suitable for growing both experienced gardeners and beginners. All that is needed for the normal growth and development of a palm tree is heat and a sufficient amount of light.
They began to cultivate beef in the Victorian era, while growing it in estates, decorating spacious halls, as well as in palaces. An interesting fact is that in nature such a plant is found only on the island of Lord Howe, which belongs to Australia. This genus is considered part of the Palm family, and it combines only 2 species. Under natural conditions, the height of such a plant can reach 12–15 m. When grown indoors, the height of such a palm most often does not exceed three meters, but it also happens that in a spacious hall the plant grows up to five meters in height, but this is quite rare phenomenon.
This palm is single-stemmed; a large number of stems are formed on its upper part, on which there are large cirrus-dissected leaf plates. The hoveya cultivated in room conditions while young forms a large number of basal shoots. However, as she grows up, she forms a single powerful trunk. It is characterized by very slow growth, during the year it grows only 2 or 3 new leaf plates. If such plants are properly looked after and provided with suitable conditions for growth, then it can survive several decades.
Indoor palm / How to care for a palm tree Howe?
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Howe care at home
Growing beef at home is quite simple. She is one of the most unpretentious palm trees. Minor mistakes in care will not be able to cause her tangible harm. However, if you want the palm tree to grow very beautiful and lush, then you need to take good care of it, as well as provide optimal conditions for growth.
When choosing a place for beef, it should be borne in mind that it can grow well both in shading and in direct sunlight. However, young bushes should be protected from the scorching rays of the sun. An adult palm tree can grow well in bright light, but the direct rays of the sun should not affect the plant for a long time.
Beef grows best in a place that is well lit, but the light must be diffused. Palm tree grows well on the northeast, southeast or north windowsill. If desired, the plant can be placed in the back of the room, however, it is not recommended to place it in the shade, the fact is that due to poor lighting it will begin to wither. In the summer, the palm tree can be taken out to fresh air, but you should choose a place for it that will be well protected from the scorching rays of the sun.
In summer, the palm grows best in warmth (from 23 to 27 degrees). A palm tree can grow well in a warmer room, but in this case it should be systematically moistened from the sprayer and often ventilate the room. In the winter months, the plant has a dormant period, while at this time it should be at a temperature of 15 to 18 degrees.
Culture is not afraid of short frosts, as well as small frosts (up to minus 5 degrees), but only if the root system is well insulated. Otherwise, if the bush stays in the cold for 3 to 5 days, this will lead to its death. Abrupt changes in temperature during the night and daytime the plant also can not cause severe harm. However, this should not be abused, it is better if the plant experiences as little stress as possible.
Beef grown in indoor conditions does not impose special requirements on air humidity. Experts recommend moistening the crown of a palm tree in the summer on hot days. In the winter months, it is recommended to put it as far as possible from the heating appliances. If the level of air humidity is very low (less than 30%), then an open container filled with water should be placed near the hovea. If the plant is in a room with very dry air for a long time, then it can begin to dry. If in the room for a long time there will be excessively high humidity (more than 70%), then this can lead to the appearance of rot on the stem.
Palm tree needs regular plentiful watering. Make sure that the topsoil in the tank is slightly moist at all times. However, do not allow fluid to stagnate in the root system, as this can lead to the appearance of rot on the root system and stem.
In the summer, watering should be more frequent (from 4 to 6 times in 7 days). In winter, the bush is watered only after the top layer of the substrate in the pot dries, but in no case do not allow the drying of an earthen coma. For irrigation, it is best to use water at room temperature, which should well stand before this (it can be passed through a filter). Rain or melt water is perfect for this.
They feed beef only in the spring-summer period, for this they use complex mineral fertilizer for indoor deciduous plants or for palm trees. Top dressing should be carried out once or twice during the month. If you wish, you can feed the plant through the foliage, while doing this through watering. Experienced growers recommend alternating these methods. For foliar application, a low concentration fertilizer solution is used. Before using the product for the first time, be sure to carefully read the instructions on the package.
While the palm is young, it needs to be transplanted every year. As the root system grows, you need to increase the size of the tank. After she turns 5 years old, she can begin to be transplanted once every 2–4 years. However, it should be borne in mind that the soil mixture is gradually depleted and it must be replaced with a fresh nutritious one over time. You need to transplant the palm in the spring, but if absolutely necessary, this can be done in the fall.
For transplanting, it is best to use the purchased soil mixture for indoor palm trees. If you want to make it you can do it yourself, for this you need to combine sheet and sod soil, humus, river sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1: 1. To enrich the substrate, it is recommended to pour a small amount of wood ash and bark into it. Before planting, do not forget to first make a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot, for this use crushed stone, ceramic shards, brick chips or expanded clay.
Howea transplant and palm tree care at home
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Beef can be propagated by seed and dividing the bush. However, it is almost impossible to get seeds from Hovea, because it does not bloom in room conditions. However, if desired, the seed material can be purchased at the store, but it must be borne in mind that their germination capacity will not exceed 50 percent. If you still manage to get seedlings, then they will become beautiful palm trees only after 2 or 3 years.
In the process of transplantation, if necessary, cut a young shoot from the trunk and plant it in a soil mixture consisting of sand and peat. However, be prepared for the fact that the stalk does not take root. If he nevertheless gives roots, then it will be possible to plant it in a permanent pot with nutritious soil mixture only after 2-3 months.
The easiest option is to purchase a new palm tree in the nursery.
Diseases and pests
Ticks, thrips and scabies, and in rare cases mealybugs, can settle on the Hovei. If the liquid stagnates in the soil mixture, then due to this the plant may be affected by gray or black rot. Both diseases and pests can be eliminated with the help of special drugs sold in specialized stores.
In order to prevent the appearance of pests, you need to systematically inspect the bush, special attention should be paid to the wrong surface of the leaf plates. Also regularly carefully inspect the surface of the substrate, if a plaque of gray or white color has formed on it, this may be due to the fact that mealybugs have settled in the soil mixture or a fungus has appeared.
- If brown or yellow spots appear on the foliage, this may be due to an excessively low level of humidity or it is sunburn.
- Twisting the tips of the sheet plates may be due to very low air temperatures or exposure to draft.
- Drooping sunken leaves They say that in the root system stagnation of fluid is observed.
- White coating on the foliage is formed if pests have settled on the bush.
- Withering and flying around the lower leaf plates most often due to the fact that the palm tree lacks nutrients.
- Very slow growth and faded foliage is a sign of very poor lighting.
Types of Howia
Howea differs from other representatives of the Palm family not only in that it can be found in nature on only one island, but also in that it has very few varieties. In many regions with a warm and mild climate, this palm tree is grown on the street and successfully propagated artificially. However, in regions with colder climates it is cultivated exclusively in indoor conditions.
You can decorate your house with any of two types of beef:
A palm growing in nature can have a height of 10 to 12 m (sometimes higher). Dark green beautifully curved leaf plates in length can reach from 2 to 2.5 m. On the surface of the trunk expanding downward, each of the dead leaf plates leaves an annular mark. The lush crown has an emerald hue. When grown indoors, this palm tree differs from wild-growing only in height, so it can grow up to 2–2.5 m.
This species differs from the previous one in that it is taller. Under natural conditions, such a plant can reach a height of 13 to 15 m. Long petioles are formed in the upper part of the straight trunk, on which large leafy plates of feathery-dissected shape grow, and they are painted in bright green color. In adult palm trees, the length of leaf plates can reach four meters. When grown indoors, the height of the bush can reach 3–3.5 m.
Hovea, grown at home, does not bloom. And only a palm tree grown in open ground or in a greenhouse blooms.
Palm of Howea (Kentia). Unpretentious Palms FOR APARTMENT.
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