Budleya: planting and care in the open ground, types and varieties with photos
The buddlea shrub (Buddleja) is also called buddleya, it is directly related to the Noric family. Under natural conditions, it can be met in temperate as well as warm regions of Asia, South Africa and America. This shrub was named after the Englishman A. Baddle, who was a botanist in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. In his homeland, this plant was called orange-eyed. Budley is also called a “butterfly tree” or “butterfly magnet”. And all because the flowers of such a shrub have a strong honey smell, due to which large very spectacular butterflies flock for pollination. During flowering, the branches of this plant are very similar to lilacs, in connection with this it is also called the “autumn lilac”.
In nature, there are a large number of species of buddley, or rather, about 100. This genus is represented by deciduous or semi-evergreen shrubs and herbaceous plants. They bloom late and long enough. A feature of wake-ups is that during flowering, flowers, buds and fruits are simultaneously present on its branches.
The height of the bush can vary from 150 to 300 centimeters. In most species, pairwise arranged leaf plates have a lanceolate shape, which can reach 1–30 centimeters in length. In Asian species, panicle-shaped inflorescences can have a length of 10 to 50 centimeters. And American species have spherical inflorescences. Small tubular flowers are very melliferous melliferous, they are divided into 4 lobes, like lilac flowers. They can be painted in a variety of colors: red, yellow, lilac, white, pink, orange, raspberry color. In this case, the color intensity of the flowers may vary. Fruits are represented by oblong-shaped capsules, inside of which there are seeds. Cultivated species and varieties are frost-resistant, however, if the plants are not covered, then they can freeze in a snowy winter. However, only that part of the plant that is above the ground will die, and in springtime a young shoot in large numbers will appear from the ground, in the same year it can begin to bloom. There are species that have high frost resistance, they are not afraid of frosts down to minus 20 degrees.
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Growing buddleia from seeds
In mid-latitudes, wandering seeds on the bush most often do not ripen, but you can resort to tricks such as stratification or sowing on the snow layer. Experts advise you to buy the seeds of this plant in a specialized store, and it is best to choose imported manufacturers. Seeds in buddley are very small, in order to make it easier to sow, it is recommended to combine them with sand. Fill the wide pans with neutral soil. At the bottom of the tank there should be holes for drainage, also do not forget to make a good drainage layer. Sow the seeds onto the surface of the substrate and squeeze them lightly (do not deepen). Pour crops with a spray gun and cover the container with glass or film. The bowl should be removed in a warm place with an air temperature of 22 to 25 degrees, it should be well lit and protected from direct sunlight. Sowing should be done at the beginning of the spring period. The first seedlings will appear after 7-14 days. A raspberry should be systematically ventilated and watered. In order to avoid the development of the “black leg”, it is necessary from time to time to use a solution of pinkish manganese potassium for irrigation.
After the young plants grow up, the shelter can be removed. After the appearance of 2–3 pairs of true leaves, Budlei should be transplanted into individual containers and it is better if it is peat pots.After this, the seedlings need to be hardened in the fresh air, for this you should open the window for a short time, but there should not be a draft.
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What time to land
Planting a buddley should be done only after the threat of frost has passed. The site suitable for landing should be well lit and at the same time be protected from strong gusts of wind, as well as from drafts. The soil should be neutral, well-drained, moistened, saturated with nutrients.
How to plant a wake-up room
When planting, it should be borne in mind that the buddhia bushes grow very much, so a decent distance must be left between them, otherwise they will be very crowded. Landing hole should have a size of 40x40 centimeters. The depth of the pit should be equal to the size of the root system plus 20 centimeters. At the bottom of the pit, a drainage layer should be made, and fertilizer should also be added. The height of the drainage layer should be equal to 10 to 15 centimeters. To create it, you should use material of a large fraction. A handful of garden soil is poured over this layer with a hill, which should be mixed with the same amount of compost and mineral fertilizer. Then on this mound you need to put a seedling and spread its roots. Pour the required amount of soil into the pit, after which it must be compacted. Then the plant is watered, and the soil surface is covered with a layer of mulch (compost). Pay attention that when planting the root neck is at the same level with the ground surface.
Watering this shrub should be carried out only in the arid hot period. For 1 bush, 10 liters of well-settled lukewarm water are taken. Water is poured into a groove to be made around the plant. Budleya is a fast-growing plant; its stems can grow up to 200–250 centimeters per season. In order to achieve abundant, long-term flowering, it is necessary to make 2-3 fertilizing over the season with fertilizer, which includes phosphorus and potassium, which accelerate growth and improve flowering. They also contribute to the fact that the size of inflorescences becomes larger. And the bush can be fertilized with organic matter (liquid compost and humus). Fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers is recommended to alternate. Also, this plant needs regular loosening of the soil surface, which must be carried out to a shallow depth and very carefully, since the root system lies close to the soil surface. And you also need to systematically weed.
Pruning buddley is necessary. The fact is that if it is not carried out, then the stems become elongated and exposed, as a result of which the bush loses its effectiveness and looks messy. Also, pruning contributes to the fact that flowering becomes more abundant. Those inflorescences that have begun to fade must be cut off, since a buddha needs a large amount of energy for the growth of new flowers. In spring, after the heat is established on the street, the bushes will need to be cut, so tall varieties are cut to a level of 90 centimeters from the ground surface, and low-growing ones to 30 centimeters. As a result, the plant will have an attractive appearance, and its flowering will become even more magnificent and spectacular.
Propagation of buddha
How to propagate by awake seeds, described in great detail above. Also quite often propagate such a shrub by cuttings. In autumn, after the flowering is over, it is necessary to cut the cuttings, choosing for this annual shoots, which can be lignified or green. Then they are cleaned in a cool room, which should not freeze, the cuttings will be there until spring. It will be possible to plant them in the ground for rooting only next spring. If desired, cuttings can be planted in the ground for rooting in the fall, while the roots they grow in a couple of months.When cutting, you need to ensure that at least three buds are present on the handle, while two of them should be covered with soil during planting. The rooted cuttings must be covered so that they do not die from winter frosts, and in the spring they will need to be transplanted to a permanent place. Those cuttings that were stored until the onset of the spring period should be planted in open ground in a permanent place after the threat of frost has passed.
Pests and diseases
Only whiteflies and spider mites can live in a buddley, while they prefer hot, dry weather. In the event that you do not have the ability to maintain the necessary humidity, you will need to cut off the affected stems, and then treat the bush with an appropriate insecticidal agent. However, this plant is very resistant to diseases and pests, so when growing in the garden, problems with it are extremely rare.
Buddley David. Trimming and care.
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The seeds of this shrub must be collected after they are fully ripe. As a rule, this time falls on September or October. However, the seeds that you collect yourself, before sowing will need to be prepared for a long time, but this does not guarantee that they will sprout well. In this regard, experienced gardeners recommends buying seeds of buddley, and not collect them.
After the leaf blades on the shrub begin to blacken, it will be necessary to wind up the bushes with dry soil to a large height (at least up to the height of the third bud on the stems). Then it will be necessary to cut the branches, while it is necessary that only 20 centimeters rise above the mound. Then you need to cover the bush with spruce branches, and on top of it set a box made of wood. Lay a ruberoid on top of it and securely fix it with stones and bricks, so that the wind cannot destroy the resulting structure. Remember that a film or sawdust should not be used as a shelter, since, being under them, the plant can begin to shine. As for the box, its size should be as large as possible. The fact is that in this case the plant will be provided with a large amount of air, which it needs.
Buddley David. Preparing for the winter.
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Main types and varieties with photos and names
In the middle latitude, several different species are cultivated, and the most popular is Buddleia variable, or David (Buddleja davidii). Derivatives of this species are also very popular, for example: Wilson buddley - lilac-pink inflorescences have a saturated color, and in length they reach about 0.75 m, Vicha buddley - it is taller, buddley is beautiful - bright purple-pink inflorescences are very large and fluffy.
Buddleja davidii (Buddleja davidii)
The height of such deciduous shrubs can vary from 200 to 300 centimeters. And this plant may not be a very large tree (height 5 m), the ends of the branches of which are drooping. The stems grow relatively fast. The shape of the leaf plates is lanceolate-oval or lanceolate, while at the apex there is a point. On the obverse, they are dark green, and on the inside, they are yellowish-white with thick pubescence. The length of the leaves is about 25 centimeters. Fluffy spiky inflorescences consist of lilac flowers that have a honey smell. The length of the inflorescences is about 40 centimeters. Flowering begins in the last summer days. Flowering time - 6 weeks. Varieties:
- Alba, White Cloud and White Profession - have white flowers;
- Empire Blue, Black Knight - flowers are painted in various shades of purple;
- Royal Red, Harlequin - flowers can be of various shades of red.
The species described below have less frost resistance, but if they are well covered, they will be able to tolerate wintering:
Budleya white-flowered (Buddleja albiflora)
Such deciduous shrubs have wide cone-shaped inflorescences, painted in light lilac or white.
Budleya snow (Buddleja nivea)
On the surface of the stems and leaves of such deciduous shrubs there is a dense felt pubescence. Paniculate inflorescences are painted in lilac color.
Budleya japanese (Buddleja japonica)
This deciduous shrub grows very fast. The length of the drooping panicle-shaped light purple inflorescences is about 20 centimeters.
Budleya alternifolia (Buddleja alternifolia)
This deciduous shrub is drought tolerant. Often it is grown in the form of a tree, while the crown is shaped like a weeping willow. The composition of small inflorescences includes lilac or lilac-pink flowers, with the smell of almonds.
Budley spherical (Buddleja globosa)
This shrub is semi-evergreen. Flowering is observed in May. Spherical inflorescences are colored in golden-orange color. Cultivated only in the southern regions.