Fatshedera: home care, transplantation and reproduction, species
Fatsheder’s evergreen liana does not occur in nature, and it was born thanks to breeders in 1912. The brothers Lizi, who were French flower growers, worked on the creation of such an unusual plant. They carried out their breeding work in the French arboretum of Nantes. Fatshedera was created by crossing Japanese fatsii and ivy.
Fatshedera is essentially a rare exotic plant. After a very short time after this liana was created, it became very popular both among florists and flower growers. It is often used to decorate flower arrangements, and is also often grown on terraces, balconies and in winter gardens. And such a flower looks great in a spacious hall or lobby.
Fatsheder from the rest of the plants is distinguished by large dark green glossy leaf plates that look like ivy and fatsia foliage. Throughout the entire period of foliage growth, its color does not change. The length of the sheet plate is about 30 centimeters, and its width is about 20 centimeters. Their shape may be palmate or lobed or triple. Very often, in the fatsheder subspecies, an irregularly shaped border of a white or cream shade passes along the edge of the sheet plate, thanks to which the plant becomes even more spectacular and elegant.
In length, the bush can reach about 5 meters. At first, it looks like a tree with a semi-lignified, slightly branched stem. If there is a desire, then the vine can be constantly grown in the form of a tree, but for this you will need to install a support (bamboo or wooden stick). If you pinch the shoots of a tree, then you can form a shrub that will delight you with its chic green foliage for a long time. If there is no support, then the shoot will begin to creep, and over time it will become more like a vine. As the stem grows, the tree lignifies, and a dark brown bark appears on its surface. During the year, such a plant increases in length by 0.3-0.4 m.
In the last adult summer or in the first autumn weeks, the formation of umbrellas of spherical shape is observed in the adult fatsheder, which can be painted in a cream or yellowish-green shade. Such flowers are part of panicle inflorescences. At the end of flowering, berries of a dark blue color are formed on the bush. This plant is characterized by high endurance, and it can be grown in open ground, but only those regions where winters are mild and not too cold are suitable for this. When choosing a place for a creeper, consider that it needs a lot of bright light.
In order for Fatshedera to grow and develop normally at home, she needs to create optimal conditions.
Best of all, this evergreen liana feels in a place with lots of bright light. However, you can grow it in shading. The optimal level of lighting in room conditions is slight shading. In the spring-summer period, if possible, the fatsheader is recommended to be grown in open ground, for this it can be planted in the garden or transferred in a pot to the balcony. A shady courtyard is perfect for such a plant. However, the choice of place should be taken very seriously, since it must be protected from direct sunlight. The fact is that the scorching sun can burn the leaf plates of the plant.
Humidity and temperature
Fatshedera is quite resistant to temperatures observed from spring to autumn. However, if the room is hotter than 25 degrees, then the plant will become sluggish and lose its decorative effect for a while.
In winter, it is recommended to keep the liana in a cool place (from 10 to 15 degrees). The level of humidity while maintaining a moderately high. If the room becomes too hot (from 18 degrees and above), then the foliage on the bush must be moistened with a spray gun, creating a semblance of a warm shower. By the way, it is recommended to carry out such a procedure from time to time throughout the year in order to remove accumulated dirt and dust on the sheet plates. This procedure also has an antibacterial effect. Moisturize the plant in this way, preferably 1 time per week. In addition, weekly remove dust from the leaves with wet wipes. Protect the vine from the cold air and drafts, as they can severely damage it.
Fatsheder Care at Home
You need to take care of a room fatsheder in almost the same way as for other flowers growing at home. It must be watered, cut, fed and transplanted in a timely manner.
How to water
In the spring-autumn period, such an evergreen vine needs abundant watering, which should be carried out quite often. However, make sure that fluid stagnation is not observed in its root system, otherwise this can cause the development of root diseases. After some time after watering, be sure to drain excess fluid that has accumulated there from the pan. In winter, the plant is watered much less frequently and less abundantly.
Depending on the air temperature in the room, the plant is watered with the following frequency:
- at a temperature of 24–26 degrees - 1 time in two to three days;
- at a temperature of 20-24 degrees - the substrate in the pot is moistened once every 5 or 6 days;
- if the room temperature is at a level of 16–18 degrees, then watering is carried out once every 7–10 days;
- if the room is pretty cool (12-15 degrees), then you need to moisten the soil mixture in the pot no more than 1 time in 30 days.
But remember that it is impossible to allow a complete drying of an earthen coma, no matter what the temperature in the room is. Do not forget to loosen the surface of the soil mixture in a pot once every 15–20 days.
It is possible to understand that fluid stagnation is observed in the root system by foliage, which becomes yellowish. If the liana needs urgent watering, then it will be possible to guess this from the leaf plates that have lost turgor, which will fall down, the shape of the crown will also change.
It is recommended to water the fatsheder with well-settled or rain water, the temperature of which should be close to room temperature. Watering in the usual way such a vine is not recommended, drip irrigation is best for this, which, if desired, can be combined with moistening the bush from the spray gun.
When planting the fatsheder, be sure to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot. It should occupy a third of the total capacity. And on top of it is covered with earth mixtures, consisting of 2 parts of turf land, 1 part of sand and 1 part of humus. To create drainage, it is recommended to use small pieces of brick or small expanded clay.
To systematically feed this evergreen vine is necessary only during the period of its intensive growth, which is observed from the first days of April to the second half of September. Both organic and mineral complexes are used for top dressing, and these fertilizers are recommended to be used alternately. Apply fertilizer to the soil mixture regularly: 2-3 times a month. In winter, when the liana has a dormant period, it is not necessary to feed it.
You can find fertilizer for such a plant in a specialized store. To do this, you will need fertilizer for decorative and deciduous indoor plants, for example: Vympel-2, Master Elite, Alliance, Agricola, Bona Forte, etc.
Indoor vines are very flexible and resilient.However, if you do not trim it in a timely manner, then it can form one powerful central stem, while the lateral shoots will develop very poorly. This may cause the liana to lose its attractiveness. After the height of the bush is equal to thirty centimeters, the first pruning is carried out, this is necessary in order to stimulate the growth of side shoots. Remember that in some cases, even under optimal growing conditions and good care, the side shoots will hardly develop even after pruning, and the bush itself will be depressed and weakened.
In order for your house to be decorated with a spectacular thick vine, it is recommended to plant 2 or 3 seedlings in one container at once, and also do not forget to regularly trim.
Until the young bush is five years old, it should be transplanted once a year. Older plants are replanted less frequently, or rather, once every 2-3 years, and it is necessary to replace the top layer of soil mix in a pot every year. However, if you want your vine to be always thick and spectacular, then transplant once a year, regardless of its age.
The transplant pot should be chosen not very wide, but high. Thanks to this, even a thick drainage layer will not interfere with the development of the root system. Do not forget during the transplant that the old flower pot should be 20-30 mm smaller than the new one.
Experts advise replanting the fatsheder in early spring (approximately in the first days of April) before the bush begins to grow actively. The substrate must be neutral or have a low acidity. It is recommended to transplant the liana by the method of transshipment, while try not to destroy the earthen lump.
At the very beginning, it is necessary to prepare a suitable container, and then a substrate. When two or three days remain before transplanting, it is necessary to regularly moisten the soil mixture in the pot, but for this you need to use a small amount of water. Thanks to this preparation, the earthen lump will remain intact during the transplant. Next, pull the bush along with a lump of earth from the old tank. In order to make it easier to remove the earthen lump from the container, they put it on a hard and even surface, and lightly tap on its edges. Instead, you can take a long knife and draw it along the inner surface of the container, trying to separate the soil mixture from the walls of the pot. After grabbing the base of the creeper, it is carefully pulled out. To harm the plant as little as possible, turn the container on its side.
After the bush is removed from the pot, inspect its root system for rot or signs of disease. If you notice signs of rot or any disease, then carefully remove the entire substrate, being careful not to injure the roots. After that, cut out all the damaged areas with a sharp sterilized instrument, and sprinkle the places of cuts with carbon powder. If the roots are healthy, then carefully remove the top layer of the old soil mixture, as well as the drainage layer along with the roots that have grown into it. Then put the bush in a new pot, and in advance make a drainage layer at its bottom. After the Fatsheder is placed in a new container, all voids in it must be carefully filled with fresh soil mixture. Do not forget that the distance from the upper layer of the substrate to the upper edge of the container should be 30 to 50 mm.
It is necessary to water the transplanted vine properly. Since the substrate was regularly moistened before transplantation for 2-3 days, then after it is transplanted, it does not need to be watered immediately. Wait from 1 to 3 days, during which time the wounds on the roots that might appear during the transplant will dry out and heal.
Fatsheders use several methods for propagation, namely: seeds, cuttings and air layers.
Such a plant can be propagated by cuttings in the warm season. The best time for this is the last weeks of spring or the first weeks of summer. Prepare cuttings about 15 centimeters long; for this, cut the apical shoots. For rooting, they are planted in a soil mixture consisting of 1 part humus, 2 parts turf and 1 part sand. Cover the cuttings with a transparent bag on top to help create greenhouse conditions. After new buds form on the handle, the package is removed.
Propagation by air layering
It is relatively simple to propagate the fatsheder by air layering, which is why this method is most popular among gardeners. This procedure begins in the first days of April. Select one leafless side shoot and slightly cut it. Then, moistened moss is laid in the incision area, and wrapped with a film on top of it. If the sphagnum is moist all the time, then after about a couple of months, roots form at the cut site. When this happens, part of the shoot with the horses must be cut out and planted in a pot with soil mixture. In order for the air layer to quickly take root in a new place, it should be systematically watered. And in order for rooting to be successful, the stalk is covered with a glass jar or a transparent bag from above, the shelter can be removed after a week.
Fatsheder can also be grown from seeds, but they must be freshly picked. For this, the seeds formed on an adult vine are harvested and used for sowing. Take a small container, fill with soil mixture and spread seeds on its surface that do not deepen, but only sprinkle on top with a substrate. Greenhouse conditions are needed for seed germination; for this, the crops are covered from above with glass or film. After this, the crops are transferred to a dark place where the air temperature is constantly kept at 27 degrees. If everything is done correctly, then the first seedlings should appear after 4 weeks.
When cultivating a fatsheder in a room, the following problems may arise in the gardener:
- The tops of the leaf plates turn yellow, and they themselves become brittle and dry, and spots appear on them. This is due to the fact that the vine is not watered often enough or very poorly. And even foliage may lose its decorative effect if the bush is in the heat (above 25 degrees). To correct the situation, you need to water the bush more often, and you will also need to increase the level of humidity. In the event that large brown spots appeared on the surface of the foliage, and she began to frown, this means that the bush was exposed to direct sunlight, which caused burns. The way out of the situation is the shading of the creeper from direct sunlight.
- The foliage becomes faded and fades.. This happens when the Fatsheder lacks light. In this case, the bush is transferred to a place with brighter lighting.
- Liana quickly fades, and a gray fluff forms on its surface. This happens if the room is excessively cold and the humidity is very high. Move the bush to a place where both temperature and humidity would be optimal for this plant. Then cut off all wilted leaf plates and loosen the surface of the soil mixture in the pot. After that, the bush is treated with a solution of a fungicidal preparation.
Remember that in an adult creeper leaf plates can fly around as they grow older and this is quite normal.
Since Fatshedera was created using ivy, it adopted not only some genetic features, but also some of the superstitions. For example, it is believed that Fatshedera has an extremely negative effect on men, causing aggression and negative energy in them. It is also believed that this creeper can survive a man from the apartment, and it is good that if he leaves, he may die.If there is such a plant in the apartment, then the man will try to leave it as soon as possible or will not even want to enter it. In addition, ivy and fatscheder are considered “energy vampires” that absorb happiness, self-confidence, optimism and peace of mind.
But the poor qualities of such a plant appear only when it is grown in room conditions. If you plant it in the garden, then it will opposite be a reliable protector of the residents of the house. Thanks to him, negative energy will not get into the home.
However, some superstitious people believe that on the contrary, this vine is very useful wherever it is grown. It helps to clean the biofield of the apartment, and also has a beneficial effect on the thoughts and character of the residents, and instills confidence and peace in them.
Types of Fatshead with a photo
The following decorative varieties are distinguished among the fatsheders:
Dark green leaf plates have a yellow or cream border. This variety is characterized by rapid growth, but poor resistance to pests and diseases.
The whole bush is covered with not very long bright green leaf plates, their edge is motley-wavy, tightly adjacent to the shoot.
This spectacular variety on each leaf plate has a silver border.
Such a plant differs from the rest in that a speck of a golden yellow hue is located in the middle of each leaf plate.
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