How to care for an orchid at home, problems with an orchid what and why?
Such a tropical plant as an orchid has long been an excellent decoration for houses and apartments. It is also widely used in interior design of offices and shopping centers. There are flower growers who successfully grow dozens of varied orchids in their apartment (and even more). To understand such gardeners is very simple, because a flowering orchid looks very impressive. Each of the varieties of this flower has something unique, original. Bushes can vary in color and size, and in shape. And when the flower grower acquires a new orchid, he is convinced that it is more beautiful than all that is in his collection. But this is until he has another instance.
The main problems in growing orchids
Despite the fact that you are the owner so far of only one bush of orchids, you need to know how to care for him so that he does not die, but for a long time pleased you with his flowering. It should be remembered that if this epiphyte is properly cared for, then there will be much less problems in the process of growing it.
At the same time, one should not forget that problems with such a plant most often arise only because the grower does not adhere to the rules for caring for him.
Orchid leaves turn yellow
Most often, flower growers note that leaves of such a flower begin to turn yellow. It should be remembered that at each time the leaves of each plant change their color to yellow and begin to dry out, which is an absolutely natural process. Inspect the bush. In the case when the old sheet plates, which are located, as a rule, at the very bottom, become yellow, then you should not worry. Thus, the orchid is updated. Only after the leaf completely dries, it will need to be carefully removed.
However, in the case when yellowing touched the young leaves, we can say that the plant is sick. As a rule, it gets sick due to improper watering:
- If the soil is waterlogged, then rot may appear rather quickly on the root system, which will lead to yellowing of the foliage.
- In the event that the earthen lump is overdried, then the leaf plates will begin to fade at the orchid. In this case, the same result will be if the room has excessively low air humidity, and the flower grower does not spray the foliage regularly from the sprayer.
- In winter, the leaves may begin to turn yellow due to the fact that it is affected by a draft. Also, at this time it is not recommended to keep the orchid near the window or in a room where it is relatively cold. The leaves become yellow due to severe cooling or freezing.
- If in the summer time direct sunlight will fall on the foliage, then they can burn them. As a result, yellow or brownish spots remain on the surface of the leaf blades.
Problems with Orchid Roots
If orchids are not looked after as expected, then problems with its root system may well begin. Inspect the roots. If they became slimy and became lighter or darkened (became dark brown), then this specimen was watered incorrectly.
In the event that you think that the plant should receive as much moisture as in the wild during rainstorms, then you should remember a few important facts. The fact is that after the rain passes, all the water is absorbed into the soil or drains from the bark of the trees, but does not linger in it for a long time. Therefore, the roots of orchids absorb as much water as they need. That is, the roots are not constantly in the water. If, at room conditions, such an epiphyte is watered “from the heart”, then the water will stagnate in the substrate, from which the roots will rot.In the event that you find clear signs that the flower has suffered from heavy watering, then urgent measures must be taken. Experts advise that this flower be transplanted into a new substrate, while the root system should be carefully examined and all rotted and diseased roots trimmed.
Also, do not forget that this tropical plant needs moisture. In this regard, try not to forget regularly, or rather, to spray his foliage from the sprayer every morning. To do this, you need to use lukewarm water, which must be filtered or defended.
Orchid does not bloom
It is not so rare that flower growers say that their “beauty” for some reason does not want to bloom. In most cases, a situation develops when flowering has already been observed several times, but when the next dormant period has ended, the orchid for some reason does not produce a peduncle.
Most often, this problem occurs when the flower does not have enough light. As a rule, it is during winter time that the illumination is rather poor. At this time of year, most species of orchids have a dormant period, which explains the absence of flowering. Phalaenopsis is recommended to provide illumination using artificial lighting. In this case, they will continue to bloom further.
Carefully cut the peduncle after flowering, it will be possible only after it is completely dry. However, in the event that it does not dry out and at the same time has a green or pale brown color, then most likely, after a while, young flower buds form on it.
What to do when this epiphyte does not want to bloom anymore? Such a plant needs stress. In order for the buds to be laid in indoor conditions, orchids need a temperature of no higher than 10-12 degrees, and also it should be watered poorly at this time. However, sharply lower the air temperature and reduce watering in no case. This should be done gradually. It should be remembered that in this period, this plant needs a difference between night and day temperatures. So, in the daytime it is necessary to be warm, while at night it should be cooler by 10-12 degrees. The result of this plant content should be the laying of a flower bud.
If you look after the orchid in this way for 4-6 weeks, then in most cases your efforts will succeed. As a rule, the laying of kidneys should already occur during this time. In the event that the buds still did not appear, it is necessary to carefully remove the flower from the dormant state. To do this, you need a gradual increase in temperature. You need to water the orchid more and more.
In the event that this epiphyte did not bloom after 6-12 months, then you should not worry too much about this, because a young flower stalk can form in about 24 months.
Pests and diseases of orchids
Such flowers are quite resistant to diseases and pests, but problems still occur. Most often, rot appears on the plant. It is formed due to waterlogging of the soil and the plant itself. So, if you violate the irrigation regime and make it more plentiful or frequent, as well as significantly increase the number of sprayings, this can lead to decay of the root system, as well as leaf plates (especially their bases) and bulb. In this case, the plant is not easy to cure. The affected area must be carefully cut with a very sharp disinfected knife along with a piece of healthy tissue. Then it is necessary to carry out the processing of the slice with a special solution having bactericidal properties, which can be bought quite easily. The substrate and capacity should be replaced, while the pot can be boiled well if desired.
Of the harmful insects, mealybugs and spider mites are most often found on the orchid.If there are few of them, then you can try to get rid of them with a solution of soap, which should be wiped sheet plates 2 times with an interval of 7 days. If the infection is very strong, then you need treatment with Actar or Fitoverm.
Proper Orchid Care - All is welcome - Issue 31 - 08/22/2012 - Everything will be fine
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Proper orchid care at home
For such a plant, illumination plays an important role. Light needs diffused and there should be a lot of it. In this regard, the flower should be placed on the lightest window (except for the south). However, it must be remembered that it must be protected from direct sunlight.
How to water
Despite the fact that such plants are tropical, too frequent and abundant watering can greatly harm them. In the wild, most species of such plants do not grow on soil, but on trees, clinging to their bark with their roots. Such epiphytes take moisture from the tree bark, which after rain flows down on it, but does not accumulate. In this regard, such flowers should be watered moderately. Between watering, the substrate should dry thoroughly, and care must be taken that the roots are not constantly in the water. You can moisten the leaves from the sprayer more often, but make sure that the liquid does not appear on the flowers, as in this case spots will appear on them and they will become dark. Orchids such as Phalaenopsis, Cymbidium, Odontoglossum Paphiopedilum need more abundant watering. With extreme caution, you need to water the Dendrobium, Cattleya and Oncidium. Before watering them, make sure that the substrate is well dried.
In summer, watering should be more plentiful than in winter. With the onset of the spring period, when the period of intensive growth begins, the orchid should gradually begin to be watered more and more abundantly.
You can use only watering through the pan or alternate it with the usual. So, you need to collect water in a container and put a pot in it. When the substrate is saturated with moisture, the pot needs to be removed and at the same time wait until excess water flows through the drainage holes.
Also, sometimes you can completely immerse the pot under water, as a result of this, the substrate and the root system can be thoroughly washed. After pulling the pot out of the liquid, wait until all of its excess drains.
Such plants adore high humidity. To moisten the leaves, as well as for irrigation, you need lukewarm, well-defended water. Keep your air humidity below 60 percent. If the air is much drier, you will have to get a humidifier. And with moderate humidity, the orchid will have enough systematic spraying.
These flowers need fresh air. In this regard, systematic ventilation is needed. Remember that you must always remove the flower away from the window, as it does not tolerate drafts. Also, keep the plant away from the airflow coming from a working air conditioner. When the room is ventilated, do not forget to moisten the foliage of the flower from the sprayer.
Growing an orchid is easy. The main thing is to adhere to certain rules of care and pay more attention to this plant.
ORCHID CARE from A to Z. | PHALAENOPSIS ORCHID CARE.
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