Brunfelsia: home care, transplant and reproduction
Brunfelsia is a bright representative of the Solanaceae family. Its distinguishing feature is a delicate, refined aroma that is not inferior to expensive perfume. Homeland fragrant beauty - Antilles. It grows wild in South America. In natural conditions, it reaches a size of about 3 meters, but grows very slowly. Indoor brunfelsia is a compact bush up to 50 cm in size. The leaves of the shrub are long, matte, dark green in color. Inflorescences come in different colors - white, purple, pale lilac. There are plants with inflorescences that change color.
The name of the amazing flower was given by the famous scientist Karl Linnaeus in honor of a colleague, whose name was Brunfels Otto. Many other popular flower names are known. One of them is manaka. Once upon a time there lived a girl named Manaka. Brunfelsia was her favorite flower, because from it she prepared a remedy that relieves of unrequited love. And this is no coincidence. A plant extract has a psychotropic effect. The flower is considered a "sacred grass" by many shamans and sorcerers. It emits a pleasant smell after sunset.
Brunfelsia home care
At room conditions, you can grow one variety of plants - Brunfelsia low-flowering. There are also subspecies similar in color and shape to flowers. Brunfelsia has large flowers of various colors. It begins to bloom in early spring. The flowering period ends in late autumn. The life span of a single flower is small - 2-3 days. New flowers bloom constantly, so it seems that it blooms continuously. During flowering, the shrub looks great, covered with fragrant bright purple flowers.
Brunfelsia will decorate any dark corner in the room. It grows beautifully in the shade. It will delight you not only with an excellent aroma, but also with lush flowering.
Place for a flower
It is best to place Brunfelsia on the shadowed windowsill. She loves the scattered rays of the sun. But with cloudy weather, the leaves of the beautiful woman will be pale and she will not bloom magnificently. From bright light, the plant can get sunburn. In this case, the plant must be shaded with a light cloth. He will be most comfortable on the window located in the east or southeast. With proper lighting, the bloom of Brunfelsia will be spectacular, and the foliage will be fleshy and bright.
Brunfelsia refers to tall plants. For normal growth and development, it needs free space. In summer, the purple beauty can be taken out to the balcony. But the hot place does not suit her. It will not die from the heat, but will bloom later. The plant needs to be sprayed more than watered.
Temperature and humidity
Brunfelsia is a tropical flower that loves a humid climate. The ideal temperature for its maintenance is 12-15 ºС. During the period of intensive growth, the culture is provided with a temperature of 20-22 ºС. With the onset of autumn, indicators are reduced to 9-14 ° C, so that buds are formed in a timely manner. Low room temperature should remain for about 8-12 weeks. Then they gradually increase it. A plant needs constant spraying if grown at home. When Brunfelsia blooms, spraying is stopped. Fragrant beauty put on a pallet with wet gravel. It is equally important to ventilate the room in which the beautiful flower is located.
Brunfelsia is a moisture-loving plant. It should be watered regularly, using soft water for irrigation (standing or rain). Watering fluid needs to be slightly acidified, as a fragrant flower prefers acidic soils. During flowering, the plant is watered twice a week. In the cold season, watering is reduced to once. Water must not be allowed to stagnate in the sump. It needs to be drained.Overmoistening of the soil leads to rotting of the roots. If the earthen lump dries out, the plant will drop flowers and buds.
Regular top dressing will help stimulate the flowering of Brunfelsia. As a top dressing, complex mineral fertilizers are used. Fertilize the flower 2-4 times a month.
Brunfelsia fades in late February. After this, the plant is pruned, forming a future bush. If you miss this moment, the bush will stretch very long. Pruning contributes to the formation of new new shoots. Compliance with optimal conditions of detention is the key to repeated flowering. The shrub will be compact and neat.
After flowering, the fragrant flower needs to provide peace. 2-3 months, the bush should rest. The temperature in the room should be between 10-15ºС.
There are several ways to reproduce Brunfelsia. New offspring can be obtained using processes and lignified and semi-lignified cuttings. Practice and propagation by seeds. But this method has its own nuances.
To root the shoots use a moist mixture of perlite and peat. The temperature in the room should not fall below 25 degrees. Rooting is best done in summer. Young seedlings need nipping. Upon receipt of new copies of Brunfelsia by seed method, seedlings are grown in a mini-greenhouse in a substrate of peat and sand. The procedure can be performed from December to April.
Exotic beauty should be transplanted after flowering. Young specimens need regular transplants. Adult plants are transplanted every year. But the topsoil should be updated annually. Brunfelsia will grow well in a fertile substrate with a neutral reaction. The soil should be nutritious, loose, well pass water and air. The soil mixture should consist of leaf, garden soil and river sand (proportion 2: 2: 1). Peat in this substrate also does not hurt. Sandy soil intended for flowering plants is also suitable. For planting, it is best to choose a medium-sized pot. Do not forget about the good drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. Clay cuttings or expanded clay pieces are laid at the bottom of the tank.
The main pests of Brunfelsia are scale insects. These bloodthirsty insects suck out the cellular juice of the bush. This leads to wilting of leaves and flowers. They become pale and gradually fall off. Unfortunately, the pest cannot be removed mechanically. Insecticides are used to control the scale.
Sluggish leaves indicate damage to the plant by a spider mite. If there is a cobweb on a bright flower in the internodes on the stem, there is a tick. To get rid of it, the petals should be washed with a soapy sponge and a beautiful shower should be arranged for the beauty. If a pest appears on a shrub during flowering, it is not necessary to spray it. With severe mite damage, Brunfelsia is treated with an actellic solution.
In some cases, a beautiful flower can be threatened by aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs. If it is grown in the garden, slugs and snails can attack an attractive shrub. In this case, it is treated with special means.
Brunfelsia is a capricious and wayward plant that gives owners a lot of trouble. But beautiful flowers of an original form will make you forget about all the problems. It should be remembered that the flower is poisonous. Care must be taken when caring for it. The greatest danger is the fruit of the plant. They look like small orange tomatoes. You can’t take them in your mouth.
Rare houseplants Brunfelsia. Site "Gardens of the world"
Watch this video on YouTube