Land for indoor plants, flowers. Soil mix for flowers
In modern flower shops earthen substrates are presented in a large assortment. Ready soil for plants of any type is easy to pick up. During the campaign, soil for indoor plants can be purchased at an attractive price. But in order for the plant to grow and develop well, it is better to prepare the land for it independently.
When choosing a soil mixture should take into account its reaction (Ph). Most indoor and garden plants prefer neutral or slightly alkaline soils. Some representatives of the plant world need alkaline or acidic soil. For chrysanthemum, pelargonium, begonia, fern, cyclamen, a slightly acidic earth mixture is suitable. Acidic soil must be purchased for hydrangea, camellia, azalea. Lily, cloves, cineraria, asparagus will grow well on alkaline soil.
Acidic soils include peat, clay-soddy and loam. If you take the turf on chernozem, it will be slightly alkaline or neutral.
Peat is a part of almost all earthen substrates for flowers. It is lowland, upland and transitional. Low peat has a slightly acidic environment, high peat is acidic. Peat peat is obtained as a result of decomposition of sphagnum moss growing in the raised bogs. It has few minerals, it does not differ in good fertility. This type of peat is used for the preparation of transportation soil.Plants are transported in it. Among its main advantages - good breathability, hygroscopicity, lightness. However, it has a high ability to retain moisture. When the peat is completely dry, it will be very difficult to water it.
In lowland marshes, wetlands of rivers and lakes, lowland peat is formed. It has more minerals and is heavier. In its pure form, it can not be used, it is wet, leading to rotting of the roots. It is used as a component of the soil mixture.
Thanks to peat, the quality of the soil mixture can be improved by making it light and loose. Peat land is used for germinating seeds and rooting cuttings.
Ready-made peat in factory packaging can also be used for plants that are grown in pots. For earthen substrates, soft, loose peat of a homogeneous structure is suitable.
Any soil substrate can not do without turf land. Most of all it fits palm trees. You can harvest it yourself. The ideal composition is meadow turf land, on which legumes and cereals are grown. To prepare the soil mixture, it is better to take the earth from the upper layer. Suitable soil, which is located at the roots and under them. Such soil is enriched with nitrogen, which helps plants to develop fully. This land can be found on an ordinary pasture, in the forest, at the heaps of a mole. Loam - sod land of the middle zone. Clay in the soil helps retain moisture, retain nutrients.This property helps to reduce the number of fertilizers. As the houseplant grows, the amount of turf land increases.
Soddy soil will help prevent the rapid drying of the earthen substrate. It is especially useful to add such soil to the pots of plants that are brought out onto the balcony in summer.
There is nothing complicated in harvesting this type of land. The highest quality deciduous land can be taken from under hazel, maple, linden. Oak and willow soil is not suitable for many indoor plants, since it contains a lot of tannins. In the old forest, you can take land from any layer of the earth. In young growth, preference should be given to the upper fertile soil layer. Deciduous land with the addition of sand is suitable for rooting cuttings and growing seeds.
In most cases, they use the greenhouse land that was obtained after cleaning the greenhouses. She has a very valuable composition. It is a good fertilizer for plants. Finding it is not easy, so you can replace biohumus soil, which is sold in flower shops. The main thing is to buy a quality product, not a fake. Biohumus is manure processed by earthworms. It contains useful living microorganisms, it contains a large number of organic substances, so it is used to enrich the soil mixture.
Such land can be taken from the compost pit, which is in every cottage. This includes manure, garbage, rotted waste.
This type of land is suitable for growing azaleas, orchids, begonias, violets and gloxinia. It contains rotten needles. This land is considered poor, loose, sour. Experienced flower growers for their indoor plants choose only clean coniferous land from under the trees. Collecting such land, they remove trapped branches and cones from it. Finding high-quality coniferous land is difficult, as there is a lot of sand in the soil under the plants.
This component for the soil mixture can be bought at the store. It is part of substrates for bromeliads and orchids. If the roots of the plant rot, charcoal is added to the pot. They can also treat wounds, cuts of the roots, stems and leaves of the plant.
Sand is an important ingredient for the preparation of earthen substrate. This component should be taken very seriously. Red sand must not be added to the soil. It is unsuitable for plants, as it contains harmful iron compounds. Preference should be given to river sand. It is used without prior preparation. Sea sand is washed well before use to remove salt.
After the earthen mixture is ready, it should be steamed to clean from harmful insects and weed seeds. Heat treatment will help get rid of root nematodes, earthworms, millipedes. For the procedure you will need a large pot and sand. Clean raw sand is placed at the bottom of the pan, and other components of the earthen mixture are laid on top. The container is put on fire and heated.Evaporating, the water will warm the soil.
Heat treatment has its drawbacks. Due to high temperatures, beneficial soil microorganisms die, which help to absorb organic fertilizers. In order to avoid problems, the number of microorganisms is supported by special preparations containing soil microflora.
Secrets of Perfect Ground - Video
Secrets of perfect soil
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